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toolkit/tips-for-reflection
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<h1>Tips for Reflection</h1><p>Throughout your Placement Experience, you will observe and listen, ask questions and ask for support, be curious and take risks, and reflect on what you’re experiencing through documentation and self-awareness.</p>

<p>Reflection is essential to learning from your Placement Experience and can take different forms; you might choose to do a written response or have a conversation about it. Below are tips on ways to reflect on the experience.</p>

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<div class="title">Level 1: Reporting/Responding</div>
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<p>Identify a THING you experienced in your placement; it can be anything that left an impression or something that you noticed, such as an event or issue that came up, or an element of your day (such as a workplace dynamic or atmosphere):</p>

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<li>Describe the THING (event/ issue/ element); consider this from multiple perspectives and be thorough and specific about details.&nbsp;</li>
<li>Observe how you reacted and responded:</li>
<li>How did it make you feel?</li>
<li>What did it make you think?</li>
<li>What did you do, in response? Did you act or express your opinion, or ask questions?</li>
<li>Why is this event / issue / element relevant - why does this stand out to you?</li>
</ul>

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<div class="title">Level 2: Relating</div>
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<p>Relate or make a connection between the THING and your own skills, professional experience, or knowledge of your field. You might ask yourself:</p>
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<li>Have I experienced this before?</li>
<li>Were the conditions the same or different?</li>
<li>Do I have the skills and knowledge to deal with this? Explain.</li>
<li>How does this relate to my own creative work?</li>
<li>Does this give you any ideas or questions to explore and research further?</li>
</ul>

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<div class="title">Level 3: Reasoning</div>
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<p>Dig deeper into understanding the event / issue / element – highlight in detail underlying factors that are related to its cause or effect.</p>
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<li>Explain and show why they are important in understanding of the THING.&nbsp;</li>
<li>Refer to relevant theory and literature to support your reasoning. Consider different perspectives. Have you read or seen or talked to anyone about anything related to this THING?&nbsp;</li>
<li>How would a knowledgeable person perceive/handle this?&nbsp;</li>
<li>What are the ethics involved?&nbsp;</li>
<li>What and whom is affected by this THING? And by the ways in which I reacted?&nbsp;</li>
</ul>

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<div class="title">Level 4: Reconstructing</div>
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Apply your reflections and experience of the THING to other experiences and situations: reframe or reconstruct your future actions or understanding with this new knowledge you’ve formed from your experience of the THING:
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<li>How would I deal with this next time?</li>
<li>What could I try doing next time, and why? Are there different options?</li>
<li>How do I want to feel about this THING in the future?</li>
<li>What am I responsible for now, what could I be responsible for when this happens in the future?</li>
<li>Are my ideas supported by theory - can anyone else’s knowledge support my experience?</li>
<li>Can I make changes to benefit others?</li>
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<br><p><small>Adapted from Bain, J., Ballantyne, R., Packer, J., and Mills, C. (1999). <em>Using journal writing to enhance student teachers' reflectivity during field experience placements.</em> Teachers and Teaching, 5(1), 51-73.</small></p>

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